Sir Samuel Marshall

1741-95. He was baptised on 7 March 1741 at Aleverstoke, Hampshire, the son of Captain Sir Samuel Marshall and of his wife Edith Pratt.

Marshall joined the service in 1753 as a captain’s servant to his father aboard the Portsmouth guardship Tyger 60, and saw further service with his father on the Bristol 50 at Plymouth, and the Nottingham 60 which went out to North America in early 1755. He was thereafter employed on that station aboard the Somerset 70, Captain Edward Hughes, and Admiral Edward Boscawen’s flagship Namur 90, Captain Matthew Buckle, prior to joining the Terrible 74, Captains Richard Collins and John Montagu. Having been commissioned lieutenant on 11 February 1760 he was further promoted commander on 4 September 1762.

He was posted captain on 24 January 1771, and in the spring recomissioned the Princess Amelia 80 for the flag of Vice-Admiral Sir George Rodney, going out to Jamaica with that officer. In the summer of 1773 he and Rodney exchanged with Captain Andrew Barkley into the Portland 50, which he returned with the flag to pay off at Sheerness in the autumn of 1774.

640px-Combat_de_la_Belle_Poule_et_de_l'Aréthusa

The highlight of Captain Marshall’s career was the Arethusa’s action with the Belle Poule in 1778

Commanding the Arethusa 32 from 1777 and serving initially in the Irish Sea, Marshall fought a famous action with the heavier Belle Poule 30 in the preliminaries before the Battle of Ushant on 27 July 1778, but with his frigate badly damaged aloft he was obliged to retire after a couple of hours and seek the safety of the fleet. During the winter he was a witness at Admiral Hon. Augustus Keppel’s court martial and Captain Charles Holmes Everitt succeeded him in command of the Arethusa.

In July 1779 he recommissioned the Emerald 32, serving with the Channel fleet and under the orders of Captain Thomas Burnet with a squadron of frigates that had been sent to protect the coast of Scotland from John Paul Jones’ rebel privateer squadron. He was later a member of Commodore Charles Fielding’s squadron that detained Van Bylandt’s convoy on 31 December, on which occasion he undertook negotiations with the Dutch admiral. The Emerald captured the Dunkerquoise 20 on 23 April 1780, participated in the Channel fleet campaign from June-December, the relief of Gibraltar on 12 April 1781. She later formed part of the Channel Fleet during the campaign of June-November 1781, capturing the Frederic 16 on 24 August and the Comte de la Motte-Picquet on 7 September.

In December 1781 Marshall joined the Flora 36, going out to the Leeward Islands in January, witnessing the Battle of the Saintes on 12 April 1782, and returning to Bristol in company with Admiral Sir George Rodney aboard the Montagu 74, Captain George Bowen, on 21 September 1782. Upon arriving home he retired from active service on account of his poor health.

Marshall subsequently commanded the Portsmouth guardship Pegasé 74 during the peace from April 1783 until October 1787 before accepting a position as commissioner of the victualling office. He became a commissioner of the Navy in December 1793, was knighted during the occasion of the King’s visit to Spithead on 29 June 1794, and became deputy-controller of the Navy in October 1794.

Marshall died at his residence in Holles Street, Cavendish Square, London on 2 October 1795.

On 10 October 1764 he married Elizabeth Worsley of Gatcombe, Isle of Wight, who predeceased him having had issue a son, who also predeceased him, and two daughters.